Core Formation in the Lab
Sensitivity of a Coupled Earth System Model to Isopycnal Stirring
Climate interactions forced by continent assembly and breakup
The Young Inner Core
F-layer formation at the inner core boundary
How increasing mixing warms the polar regions
Modeling the Geodynamo
Global Paleobathymetry and Ocean Sediment Reconstruction
Magnetic Reversals and the Earth's Core
Geomagnetic Superchron Cycles Driven by Mantle Convection
Mantle convection, plates, and the Earth system
Geodynamic Carbon Cycling

Sensitivity of a Coupled Earth System Model to Isopycnal Stirring

Oceans Atmosphere

Because the ocean is strongly stratified, stirring along density surfaces is much stronger than stirring across such surfaces. This mixing is often represented in terms if turbulent stirring with a large diffusion coefficient. The value of this coefficient, however, is not well constrained from data, with published values ranging over more than an order of magnitude. We tested the sensitivity of a climate model (CM2Mc) to a 6 fold increase in the diffusion coefficient. The results showed, averaged over the whole planet, an increase in Sea Surface Temperature of a degree Celsius. Locally an error of up to 7 degree Celsius can be found. The increase in temperature is associated with ice retreat over the polar regions. A careful analysis of the radiative fluxes and the heat and salt transport in the ocean suggested than the key driver of the warming and regression of the ice is the transport of salt to high latitudes. In such latitudes the surface is fresher, but often colder than the deep ocean, so that making so that breaking down stratification allows warmer water to move upwards at the surface. This result is of interest for paleoclimate modeling as it might provide some insight into how past climates could be associated with large changes in polar temperatures but small changes in equatorial temperatures.